Auteur notamment de : L'occupazione militare assume un aspetto drammaticamente evidente perché il popolo di Timor orientale resiste al genocidio fisico e culturale.
Those who were suspected of being members of the resistance were detained and killed.These centers were often constructed of thatch huts with no toilets. We are witnessing a shameful replay of events of 20 years ago. Le puissant Parti communiste fut détruit. On June 20, 1988, ten East Timorese students in Indonesia proclaimed the Timor-Leste Student General Political Uprising, led by Fernando La Sama de Araújo. The army moved at once to prevent this outcome by terror and intimidation. Much of the country was reduced to ashes. Ce jour-là, la population s’était massivement prononcée pour l’indépendance. In his memoirs, Moynihan wrote: “The United States wished things to turn out as they did, and worked to bring this about. Indonesia’s interim president, B J Habibie, had called for a referendum with a choice between incorporation within Indonesia (“autonomy”) or independence.
January 27, 2008 – Indonesia’s former dictator General Suharto has died in bed and not in jail, escaping justice for his numerous crimes in East Timor and throughout the Indonesian archipelago.One of the worst mass murderers of the 20th century, his death tolls still shock: 500,000 to over a million Indonesians in the aftermath of his 1965 seizure of power; It occupies the eastern half of the island of Timor, the small nearby islands of Atauro and Jaco, and the enclave of Ambeno. Close to 80% chose independence. L'invasion du Timor oriental commence le 7 décembre 1975 lorsque les forces armées indonésiennes envahissent ce pays nouvellement indépendant en prenant le prétexte de la lutte contre le colonialisme.
David Jenkins comparait leur politique à celle de la Contra, au Nicaragua. (Schwarz (1994), p. 212; Pinto and Jardine, p. In a neighboring island a century later, Indonesia's invasion and occupation of East Timor from 1975 to 1999 took more than 120,000 lives, out of a population of 650,000. 191.) Timor-est, le génocide oublié : droit d'un peuple et raisons d'états. It appears that the militias have been managed by elite units of Kopassus, the “crack special forces unit” that had, according to veteran Asia correspondent David Jenkins, “been training regularly with US and Australian forces until their behaviour became too much of an embarrassment for their foreign friends” (18).These forces adopted the tactics of the US Phoenix programme in the Vietnam war, that killed tens of thousands of peasants and much of the indigenous South Vietnamese leadership, Jenkins writes, as well as “the tactics employed by the Contras” in Nicaragua. Dili is the capital and largest city.
Dans ce coin torturé de la planète, il reste du temps, un tout petit peu de temps, pour éviter une conclusion dramatique de l’une des tragédies les plus épouvantables de ce terrible siècle qui s’achève. Finally it was compelled by international (primarily Australian) and domestic pressure to make some timid gestures. As the slaughter reached near-genocidal levels, Britain and France joined in, along with other powers, providing diplomatic support and even arms.This year opened with a moment of hope. There was no need to threaten bombing or even sanctions. Répression politique -- Timor (île) Confirm this request.
In that tortured corner of the world there is still time, though precious little time, to prevent a hideous conclusion to one of the most appalling tragedies of the terrible century that is winding to a horrifying, wrenching close. We cannot undo the past, but we should at least be willing to recognise what we have done, and face the moral responsibility of saving the remnants and providing ample reparations – a small gesture of compensation for terrible crimes.The latest chapter in this painful story of betrayal and complicity opened right after the referendum of 30 August 1999 when the population voted overwhelmingly for independence. Horror and shame are compounded by the fact that the crimes are so familiar and could so easily have been terminated by the international community a long time ago.Indonesia invaded the territory in December 1975, relying on US diplomatic support and arms, used illegally, but with secret authorisation from Washington; there were even new arms shipments sent under the cover of an official “embargo”. Atrocities peaked in 1977-78. The massacre ended the governments 1989 opening of the territory and a new period of repression began.Precise estimates of the death toll are difficult to determine.